Earth/Geology

Curious about the planet we live on, how it has evolved, how we exploit it and how it affects our lives? If you have an interest in the subject, come and join us. You don’t need to be already knowledgeable.

Scout & Guide HQ
Friday
2pm
  • Leader: Bill Hale - 01695 422472
  • Coordinator: Colin Redwood - 01704 790132

We hope to resume on 17 September 

It is now 18 months since our last meeting and we hope to restart at 2 pm on Friday 17th September.

We are now approaching that date so we are hopeful not to have restrictions brought back.

There is an interesting programme of talks for the meetings this year and we hope for good support.

Friday 17 September – Liverpool Rocks – Richard Fletcher

After the first of the Liverpool docks opened in 1715, the quarrying of stone mirrored the rapid development of the port and city in the years following. Red and yellow Sherwood Sandstone from St James Mount Quarry was used to build the docks and many of Liverpool’s finest buildings.

As quarries were exhausted others were opened along the Edge Hill escarpment. Most of these quarries had been in-filled and built over by 1850, but the rocks can still be seen in some unexpected and hidden places around the eastern side of Liverpool.

Friday 15 October –  Mining and Quarrying – Frank Nicholson

Mining and quarryi ng methods and their changes through time, including coal and metal mining, open pit and opencast mining, and underground mining.

Friday 19 November – Rare Earths, – what are they & do they matter? – by Patsy Colvin

They are chemically similar elements which get used in many unexpected devices. Rare  earths have been in the news a lot recently especially in the financial papers. Will the Americans manage to break the Chinese ?

Geology Lectures for u3a Members

Although the Earth/Geology Group is currently suspended locally, the National u3a is putting on free Geology talks that members can attend via Zoom. Full details and booking are available on the online events page of the National u3a website. There are a couple of relevant topics in March.  They are repeats of very popular talks earlier in the year.  Be aware – places at u3a online events have to be limited and are snapped up.  So sign up ASAP!

Planet Earth: A User’s Guide

The 2020 Royal Institution Christmas Lectures featured three eminent scientists from different fields presenting a unique ‘user’s guide’ to Planet Earth. Their programmes unravelled astonishing global systems and remarkable natural wonders that combine to keep life on Earth alive.

And they explored how human activity has become an overwhelming geological force – disrupting the finely tuned systems that have kept our planet running smoothly for billions of years. We learnt how we can each help repair the damage we’re doing and live more sustainably, as Earth’s population increases.

All three episodes are available on the BBC iPlayer until December 2021!

Each of these world-famous Lectures from the Royal Institution bring to life one aspect of Earth’s inner workings:

Episode 1 – Professor Chris Jackson travels back into deep geological time, charting the Earth’s climate as it swings from hothouse to ice house and back again. With the help of spectacular volcanic eruptions and giant snowballs, he shows us how our planet’s oldest rocks and fossils provide evidence of radical climate changes throughout its history.

Chris reveals that what drives these changes is the amount of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere. For billions of years, volcanic activity increased CO2 levels, and mountain building reduced them. But in the last 100 years, a new kind of geological force is tipping the balance – human activity. For the first time, it is we who are changing the planet Earth’s climate, and at a rapid rate, with dangerous consequences unless we act quickly.

Episode 2 – Dr Helen Czerski unpicks the ocean’s heating and plumbing systems, showing how whale poo, waterfalls beneath the sea and zooplankton are all vital parts of an engine that distributes heat and nutrients around our planet.

Helen voyages from the cities of the ocean to its deserts, from its deepest depths to its surface, via an alien inner structure that is home to so much of the Earth’s life. This planetary life support system plays a critical role in generating weather, providing food and connecting trade routes. The ocean is an underappreciated resource. Helen tells us what we need to know to be good citizens of an ocean planet.

Episode 3 – Dr Tara Shine takes a deep breath and marvels at something we all take for granted: oxygen. She demonstrates how Earth produces a never-ending supply of this gas – the raw material for all complex life – and investigates what else is in the air that we breathe. One critical component is carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas that’s causing a dangerous rise in atmospheric warming.

Tara looks at the carbon footprint of a loaf of bread and how hydrogen might be the answer for heating and transport. From developing exciting new technologies to protecting wetlands and forests, the solutions are everywhere. Our ideas and ingenuity can create a better, cleaner and more sustainable future.